Between 1883 and 1929 a total of 2,509 Carnegie libraries were built around the world bringing knowledge to people of all kinds. This nineteenth century library model was one of distributed knowledge. However, “The idea that a building would be the panacea to cure all of society's ills, they argued, was simply not sustainable”, was said by critics of Carnegie’s libraries (Wikipedia).
Because Carnegie only financed buildings rather than their staffing, maintenance or books, much of the critique was aimed at ornateness of the edifices. What was in question was not the value of knowledge, it was the value of architecture.
Today libraries are so much more than repositories of knowledge, they are places for community, refuge, civic and political congregation, etc. If that is the case how can they represent a community or multiple communities? While designing a library this studio will focus less on form and more on architectural ornament, it’s material production process and the development of a lexicon for its use. What ornament gives us that often form does not, is meaning and possibly a method for physicalizing civic identity.
The studio was divided into four parts. Precedent: students analyzed and synthesized pre-modern libraries Chamber: students designed and constructed out of plaster the interior of the main chamber of their library. Site, Cite, Sight: students using the precedent and existing elements of the place created context in a decontextualized site in Detroit.
MATIAS DEL CAMPO
“DETROIT PUBLIC LIBRARY II”
The recent role played by our libraries has been one of databases and online, immaterial resources. The goal of the library has always been to collect and maintain information through space and time. Slovenian architect, Joze Plecnik, set a precedent for the reuse of building material as an archaeological motif, as displayed in his design of the National University Library in Ljubljana, Slovenia. Using photogrammetric information from a variety of sites speaks to the library's reproductive ability to adapt to any context, allowing for the visualization of 3-D collage and the collection of architectural information.